The resistance legendary and fierce fighters who sought to make Mustang their base were called Khampa warriors. Tibetan resistance movement was developed in a place called Mustang. Mustang, or Lo, as locals call it is in Nepal.
According to Aljazeera, Kham warriors, also called ‘Buddha’s warriors’, the group’s main aim was to defend and preserve the Tibetan way of life after communist China invaded the western region in 1950, razing the monasteries in eastern Tibet in 1956.
Initially forced into an uneasy compromise with Beijing, the Dalai Lama fled to India in 1959, and the local Khampa tribesmen revolted, forming a resistance movement, which employed mainly guerilla tactics against the Chinese army.
With the support and training of CIA, they led lightning raid against Chinese forces. Sources state the initial set of warriors were flown to the US and were trained in Camp Hale in Colorado.
CIA’s support lasted till early 1970s. Aljazeera states in 1974, following pressure from China, Nepal sent a brigade of troops to demand the Khampa’s surrender. Fearing a bloodbath, the Dalai Lama urged the Khampas to lay down their arms. Most did, but some, unwilling to surrender, did suicide.
General Wangdu, the last leader of the guerilla fighters, was murdered in 1974 and thus ending of the resistance movement.